Pneumatic hose – a comprehensive guide to applications, types and selection

Pneumatic hose: a comprehensive guide to applications, types and selection

Pneumatic hose is an essential component in many industries where pneumatic systems are used. In this article, we will discuss the use, types and selection of the right pneumatic hose to help you make the right decision.

What is a pneumatic hose?

A pneumatic hose is a component used in pneumatic systems to transfer compressed air. We distinguish between compressed air hoses and pneumatic hoses, which have different applications and characteristics. In the rest of this article, we will discuss the definition, application and differences between pneumatic hoses and hydraulic hoses.

Definition and application of pneumatic hoses

Pneumatic hoses are flexible and used to transfer compressed air in pneumatic systems. The main application of pneumatic hoses includes industry, automotive, construction and many other fields where pneumatic tools and machines are used. We distinguish between air hoses, which are used to transfer low-pressure air, and air hoses, which are designed for high-pressure tasks.

Polyamide PA cable

  • Part Number: 80.0259.BI, 80.0259.NI, 80.0259.CZ, 80.0259.CZR.
  • Color: White, Blue, Black, Red.
  • Outer/inner diameter: 12/9 mm.
  • Maximum working pressure at 23°C: 20 bar.
  • Minimum bend radius: 60 mm.
  • Operating temperature: -40 °C to +80 °C.
  • Material: polyamide (PA 12).
  • Application: mainly in industrial pneumatic systems and brake systems.

Differences between an air hose and a hydraulic hose

Pneumatic hoses differ from hydraulic hoses primarily in their application and in the medium they transmit. Pneumatic hoses are used to transfer compressed air, while hydraulic hoses are designed to transfer hydraulic fluids in hydraulic power systems. Hydraulic hoses tend to be more durable and resistant to high pressures, due to differences in applications and the properties of the media they transmit.

Types of pneumatic hoses

There are various types of pneumatic hoses on the market, which differ in material of construction, design and application. Among them, we distinguish reinforced hose, spiral hose and polyurethane hose, among others. In the following subsections, we will discuss in detail the features and applications of each type of pneumatic hose.

Spiral pneumatic hose - characteristics and applications

Spiral pneumatic hose is a flexible hose, which is characterized by a special design in the form of a spiral. Thanks to this design, the hose can be easily stretched and shortened, which saves space and increases the ergonomics of work. Spiral hoses are often used in industry, automotive workshops and pneumatic tools, where high flexibility and abrasion resistance are required.

Polyamide PA Spiral Flexible Cable

  • Part number: 80.0001.1008.10, 80.0001.1008.15, etc.
  • Outer/inner diameter: various sizes (e.g. 10/8 mm, 12/10 mm).
  • Maximum working pressure at 20°C: 1 MPa.
  • Hose length: various lengths (e.g. 10 m, 15 m).
  • Spiral diameter: 110 mm.
  • Material: polyamide.


Reinforced pneumatic hose - why choose it?

Reinforced pneumatic hose is a hose that has additional reinforcement, usually made of synthetic or metal fibers. This makes the hose more resistant to high pressures and resistant to abrasion and mechanical damage. Reinforced hoses are recommended in applications where high strength and resistance to external agents such as oils, greases and chemicals are required.

PVC Reinforced Hose

  • Part number: 80.0053.1004, 80.0053.1206, etc.
  • Outer/inner diameter: various sizes (e.g. 10/4 mm, 12/6 mm).
  • Maximum operating pressure at 23°C: various values (e.g. 16 bar, 22 bar).
  • Operating temperature: -10 °C to +65 °C.
  • Material: PVC with textile reinforcement.
  • Application: general use for water and gases.

Polyurethane pneumatic hose versus rubber pneumatic hose - a comparison

Polyurethane pneumatic hose and rubber pneumatic hose are two popular types of pneumatic hose that differ in material of construction. Polyurethane pneumatic hoses are lightweight, flexible and abrasion-resistant, making them an excellent choice for many applications. Rubber pneumatic hoses and rubber air hoses, on the other hand, are heavier and less flexible, but have greater resistance to high pressures and resistance to oil and grease. The choice between polyurethane and rubber hose depends on the specific application and user requirements.

PU Polyurethane Cable

  • Part number: 80.0259.150.089, 80.0259.150.069, etc.
  • Outer/inner diameter: various sizes (e.g. 8/6 mm, 6/4 mm).
  • Maximum operating pressure at 23°C: various values (e.g. 9 bar, 13 bar).
  • Operating temperature: -20 °C to +60 °C.
  • Material: PUX.
  • Application: in industrial robots and pneumatic systems.

Hybrid pneumatic hoses - a modern solution for industry

Hybrid pneumatic hoses and hybrid PVC hoses are innovative solutions that combine the advantages of different materials in one product. Thanks to the use of special blends of polymers, hybrid hoses are characterized by high flexibility, abrasion resistance and chemical resistance. Hybrid pneumatic hoses are an excellent choice for industries where high strength and flexibility of the hose are required, while maintaining low weight and ease of handling.

Choosing the right pneumatic hose

When choosing the right pneumatic hose, there are several key aspects to consider, such as 10m pneumatic hoses, oil resistance and industrial fittings. In the sections below, we will discuss these issues and provide tips to help you make the right decision.

What working pressure should a pneumatic hose be able to withstand?

An important parameter to pay attention to when choosing a pneumatic hose is the working pressure. It indicates the maximum pressure that the hose should withstand during operation. It is advisable to choose a hose with a working pressure that exceeds the maximum pressure found in an installation to ensure safety and long hose life. For example, if the working pressure in the installation is 8 bar, it is worth choosing a hose with a working pressure of at least 10 bar.

Pneumatic hoses can be divided into flexible hoses and professional hoses. Flexible hoses are more flexible and easy to install, making them an excellent choice for applications with lower strength requirements. Professional hoses, on the other hand, are more durable and resistant to mechanical damage, making them suitable for industrial applications with greater requirements. The choice between the two types of hoses depends on the specific application and user expectations.

Is it worth investing in Stix pneumatic hose?

Stix pneumatic hose is an innovative solution that combines the advantages of flexible and professional hoses. It is characterized by high flexibility, abrasion resistance and resistance to chemical agents such as oils and greases. It is worth investing in a Stix pneumatic hose if you are looking for a hose with excellent technical parameters, which at the same time will be easy to install and use. The disadvantage of this solution may be the higher price compared to other types of hoses, but it is worth considering the investment due to its long service life, saving time and labor on installation.

Use of pneumatic hoses in practice

Pneumatic hoses are an integral part of many systems and devices, such as pneumatic drives, pneumatic valves and compressors. In the following subsections, we will discuss the practical applications of pneumatic hoses in these devices, as well as tips for selecting the right components.

Pneumatic hoses in pneumatic drives

Pneumatic actuators use compressed air to generate force and motion. In them, pneumatic hoses act as conveyors, transferring compressed air from the source to the various components of the drive. Thanks to their flexibility and durability, pneumatic hoses are ideal for this type of application. However, it is worth remembering to select the appropriate operating pressure of the hose to ensure safety, reliability and maximum efficiency during drive operation.

Pneumatic valves vs. pneumatic hoses - how to choose?

Pneumatic valves are an essential part of pneumatic systems, controlling the flow of compressed air. Selecting the right valves for pneumatic hoses is important for the proper operation of the entire system. It is necessary to pay attention to such parameters as the inner diameter of the hose, the working pressure and the type of fittings. In addition, it is advisable to choose valves with similar material properties as the hose to ensure compatibility and long service life.

Pneumatic hoses in compressors - what to pay attention to?

Compressors are devices that generate compressed air, which is then transported through pneumatic hoses to various applications. In the case of compressors, it is important to select hoses with the appropriate resistance to pressure and operating temperature. It is also worth paying attention to the type of fittings and the length of the hose to ensure optimal working conditions for the compressor. For compressors with high operating pressure, it is worth considering the use of reinforced or hybrid hoses, which are characterized by greater resistance to mechanical damage.

TFN Teflon Cable

  • Part number: 80.0259.042TFN, 80.0259.01TFN, etc.
  • Outer/inner diameter: various sizes (e.g. 4/2 mm, 6/4 mm).
  • Maximum operating pressure at 23°C: various values (e.g. 27 bar, 18 bar).
  • Operating temperature: -60 °C to +260 °C.
  • Material: PTFE.
  • Application: in industrial pneumatic and chemical installations.


In the article, we discussed various aspects of pneumatic hoses, such as their use, types and choosing the right hose. We presented the differences between pneumatic hoses and hydraulic hoses, and discussed the characteristics of different types of hoses, such as spiral, reinforced, polyurethane, rubber and hybrid hoses. We also touched on the working pressure, flexibility and professionalism of hoses, and the value of investing in Stix pneumatic hose.

In the practical application of pneumatic hoses, we discussed their role in pneumatic drives, the selection of pneumatic valves and use in compressors. We emphasized the importance of selecting the right parameters, such as working pressure, inside diameter, type of fittings and material properties of hoses and valves.

In summary, pneumatic hoses are an indispensable component of many systems and equipment, and their proper selection and use are crucial to safety and efficiency. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to the aspects discussed in the article to make an informed choice and ensure the long life and reliability of the pneumatic hoses used.

If you need assistance or would like to learn more about the machines built by CPP “PREMA” S.A., we encourage you to contact us.